The UK economy grew 6.6% in July, its third straight rise, but has recovered only about half of lost output

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  • UK GDP grew by 6.6% in July in its third monthly rise, in line with forecasts, but economic output remains well below pre-pandemic levels, data released on Friday showed. 
  • "The UK economy is still 11.7% smaller than it was in February before the full impact of the coronavirus pandemic hit," the Office of National Statistics said.
  • All sectors were up on the month, with improvements in production and construction, but levels still remain bleak in comparison to previous output. 
  • "The prospect of a second wave is restraining consumer and business confidence, and firms continue to face cash flow difficulties," CBI's chief economist said.
  • Visit Business Insider's homepage for more stories.

The UK's gross domestic product rose 6.6% in July from the previous month, the country's statistics authority said on Friday

That reflects the third consecutive monthly increase, and was in line with forecasts for a rise of 6.7%, but the UK economy has recovered only slightly over half of the output lost since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic.

All sectors saw a monthly increase, with improvements in manufacturing and house-building. However, both production and construction remain well below previous levels, the Office of National Statistics said.

"While it has continued steadily on the path towards recovery, the UK economy still has to make up nearly half of the GDP lost since the start of the pandemic," Darren Morgan, director of economic statistics at the ONS, said.

"Education grew strongly as some children returned to school, while pubs, campsites and hairdressers all saw notable improvements," he said.

"Car sales exceeded pre-crisis levels for the first time with showrooms having a particularly busy time."

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The pound pared gains versus the US dollar to trade up around 0.1% at $1.2815, around this week's 6-week lows.

GDP shrank 7.6% in the three months to July. City of London economists have predicted that third-quarter GDP would rise by 15%, reversing 55% of the prior quarter's drop in the three months to June.

"The prospect of a second wave is restraining consumer and business confidence, and firms continue to face cash flow difficulties," said Rain Newton-Smith, the Confederation of British Industry's chief economist. 

Millions of jobs were supported by the government's coronavirus furlough scheme, but chancellor Rishi Sunak insists the support will end on October 31

"A successor to the Job Retention Scheme and a deal with the EU are essential foundations for a near-term economic recovery. Learning the lessons from local lockdowns will also help manage any second wave of COVID, and get growth onto a more sustainable footing," Newton-Smith said.

The UK officially entered recession after GDP plunged 20.4% in the second quarter — its biggest fall on record — and marking the second consecutive quarter of retraction.

Economic output began to contract sharply in late March, when government-imposed sweeping lockdown measures were put in place to combat the spread of the virus.

The US economy too has been in recession since February, according to the National Bureau of Economic Research, which is considered to be the official determiner of recessions.

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