- The Biden administration is granting Temporary Protected Status to Venezuelans.
- Venezuelans are the leading group of asylum-seekers. About 320,000 are eligible for TPS.
- TPS protects recipients from the threat of deportation.
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Venezuelans who have fled economic devastation and political repression will no longer have to fear deportation from the United States, the Biden administration announced Monday, fulfilling one of the president's campaign promises.
An estimated 320,000 Venezuelans in the US are now eligible for Temporary Protected Status, as first reported by the Los Angeles Times. TPS is granted to nationals from countries where it would be unsafe to return.
Venezuela has been in an economic and political freefall since the collapse of oil prices in 2014, exacerbated by rank corruption and, since 2019, US sanctions on the country's all-important petroleum sector. That has led to an exodus from the country - 5.4 million people, according to the United Nations, or nearly 20% of its population - with the vast majority settling elsewhere in South America, namely Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru.
But tens of thousands have also made it to the US. Fom fiscal years 2017 to 2019, the Department of Homeland Security reported that Venezuelans were by far the largest group of asylum-seekers, averaging more than 25,000 per year and exceeding the number from Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador, combined.
-Aaron Reichlin-Melnick (@ReichlinMelnick) March 8, 2021
In its formal designation, DHS says Venezuelans are receiving protected status due to the "severe economic crisis" back home, as well as "a prolonged political crisis" sparked by President Nicolas Maduro's disputed victory in the country's 2018 election and effective dissolution of its democratically elected legislature.
To apply for TPS, Venezuelans will need to pay $135 in fees and another $410 for a work permit, The Miami Herald reported. Those who enter the US on or after March 8 are ineligible.
The announcement comes days after Colombia, home to nearly 2 million Venezuelan migrants, granted those refugees legal status for the next decade.
Juan Escalante, an undocumented immigrant from Venezuela and digital campaigns manager at FWD.us, which advocates for criminal justice and immigration reform, said he was relieved by the news.
"The chaos, turmoil, and political unrest that has consumed my native homeland of Venezuela is heartbreaking," he said in a statement, "and the idea that more than 300,000 Venezuelans who have been living in and contributing to the US could be deported to a country where their lives and freedoms would be threatened is terrifying."
While the last administration claimed to support Venezuelans, it continued to deport them back to a country that it publicly condemned as violent and authoritarian. It was only on January 19, a day before leaving office, that the former president offered legal protections to some 94,000 Venezuelans.
"This shows solidarity with the over 5 million Venezuelans that have fled the country," Geoff Ramsey, director for Venezuela at the Washington Office on Latin America, a DC think tank, told Insider. He urged the administration to "go even further," however, and pressure its allies in South America to increase social services for the Venezuelan diaspora elsewhere.
"Far too many other countries have backtracked on their commitments to fleeing Venezuelans," he said.
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